Tuesday, July 7, 2020
Operations Strategy in any UAE Based Company or Organization (Essay Sample) Content: Table of ContentAbstractIntroductionProblem StatementImportance of studying this problem: * Overall Objectives * Specific ObjectivesResearch QuestionLiterature Review: * Growth of the Telecommunication Industry * United Arab Emirate TelecommunicationCompanies BackgroundReason as to why I chose Etisalat.ResultsConclusionReferenceOperations Strategy in any UAE based company or organizationNameInstitutionAbstract:In this essay, it may point out different aspects that may be affecting Etisalat in both negative and positive ways. It will describe the reason behind the success and the strong holds of Etisalat in the UAE market. The essay will also be explaining different methods in which Etisalat can be able to minimize the negativity by the use of promoting positive aspects of telecommunication in UAE. And also come up with ways that can be used to influence Etisalat positively in order to get more customers and economically grow in all areas.The primary goal of this disse rtation is coming up with methods that can be used to influence the growth of Etisalat in the future and to help it in growth for a telecommunication company. The other idea is to come up with the negative and positive impacts that are affecting Etisalat. This is not just for the sake of attracting more customers but also creating a positive working image to the community and the world telecommunication. The research on this essay will point out various business strategies used by Etisalat and the influence of monopoly it applies to beat its competitors. However, this study will also be helpful to all other telecommunication companies and any other company venturing in any related business since the impacts mention in the essay can apply in all of them. It will also point out how the customers can be of use to the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s growth and the impact they create in the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s image.Introduction:Elisalat Telecommunication Corporation which is a telecommunication com pany in the United Arab Emirates, and it was created in the year 1967. The company was basically shared between different partners and shareholders such as the British company, local investors and international Aeradio Limited. However, by the year 1983 the government of UAE had full ownership of Etisalat with 60% ownership and 40% ownership by the locals of UAE. The collaboration between the government and the civilians was a big boost for the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s growth since the citizens had a say in what they wanted to company to be like and for that they actually considered the need of local citizens like them. In the year 1991, that was the government gave the rights to the company on providing wire and wireless services to the country and all neighboring countries. The government also issued Etisalat a license which was to allow any importation of telecommunication products and equipmentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s by the company, and therefore bringing about the rapid growth of the company.P roblem StatementCompetition from various big multinational telecommunication companies can be a problem small local companies. However, even local companies can get an advantage over the multinational companies if they manage to come up with a strategy which will enable them captivate more customers in the region they are located. The primary agenda in this essay is to be able to come up with different methods which telecommunication companies can use to be able to reach out a wide area and have more customers on their list. Etisalat, has so far set its foot on the ground and it has been able to get the positive impact it so desired to the people and the credits it required.However, there are various aspects which affects Telecommunication CompanyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s growth. The truth is many companies are created in the name of that they are supposed to be the best in the market but that is something which can be hard to accomplish. In every scenario there must be a loser and the winner. C ompetition is very healthy in a companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s growth, this can either help a company positively or negatively. In this case if a company is in the same market with more recognized companies then the possibilities of it thriving will be very minimal and therefor affecting the company and in this case it might end up closing down due to the strong competition. The other problem which might come up and affect a companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s growth in the competitive market is the fact that many telecommunication companies tent to set expensive services to their customers and for that customers never get the opportunity to give the company a try. Therefore, the company should put the clientÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s needs first before making any conclusions on what they want for themselves, since the company exist because of the support it gets from the people. There are many research papers which are being reviewed and there primary objective is educating people of the growth and emergence of UAE teleco mmunication sectors and how they influence people. However, many of the researches are based on the economic performance and growth of political environments, labor issues and foreign investmentsImportance of studying this problem: * Overall ObjectivesThe main importance behind this case study is to bring out the relationship between revenues acquired by the telecommunication industry and its significant aspects. And therefore supplementing some of the past studies that are used to make the needs of the economy complete and not only focus on academic needs. * Specific ObjectivesSome of the specific objectives of this research are as follows. First, the corporation has to be in a position to identify some of the most influencing aspects of competition in the UAE telecommunications and also on its surrounding. Second, the business should also be in a position to figure out how different factors influencing the business complement each other and how they contribute to the telecommunic ation industry revenue in all of its invested countries. Third, the corporation will also be able to come up with suggestions and views which can be used to make this factors better and see how they can make it better for future benefits of researchers and practitioners who are focused on the telecommunication industry in all the invested countries.Research QuestionIn what ways are competitive factors contributing towards the revenue in UAE telecommunication industry?Literature Review:The literature review used in this essay will be explained further in forming the thesis report. This article has been separated into different sections covering all important aspects of the research subject. * Growth of the Telecommunication IndustryWhen speaking about telecommunication it is simply the transmission of signals on a specified distance for the purpose of communication, but the technology used for this transmission has drastically changed over the years. The telecommunication industry ha s widely changed and has had the opportunity to cover a wider area than it used to a few decades ago. The improvements on telecommunication have influenced people in various ways such as socially, cultural and economically. (Plunkett Research Limited, 2010) On a research done in the year 2008, it was concluded that the revenues form telecommunication companies was a total of $4 trillion which is about 3 percent of the world gross product and they also concluded that the telecommunication industry was one of the fasted growing industries in the world regardless of any measurements researches got.The telecommunication sector in UAE is a bit new as compared to other western countries, however, the companies in UAE and to be specific Etisalat is growing and evolving in a rapid rate and getting the chance to be one of the best telecommunication in the world. Since the corporate has proved to be a high profit generator in the region, the telecommunication industry has been an agent of the government and owned by the state and a few of the countries citizens. The thing is the country is impressed by the management unlike in many other countries who try hard to take the telecommunication industry from the control of the government (Deutsche Bank, 2004). On the other hand, it has affected the form of privileges of the country owned telecommunication while on the other hand it has been able to bring up competition in the local market and therefor providing licenses to new entities for introducing competition to the existing monopoly operators. Om a research done it showed that in the year 2007 telecommunication brought a stop in broadcast in two primary Pakistan satellite news channels which are originated from the Dubai Media City which used to be marketed by telecom under the name "Freedom to Create.Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã * United Arab Emirate TelecommunicationBeing the largest telecommunication company in the UAE, Etisalat an estimation of about 74 million users worldwide. The corporation as over 120 roaming partners in all parts of the world. Etisalat gives its users the opportunity to explore a wide range of communication services and internet services. This services are offered to individuals, companies, big cooperates, houses depending on the input capabilities offered and supported by Etisalat. The operation of this company is in the whole of Middle East countries and some countries in Africa, however the headquarters are situated in the United Arab Emirate. Etisalat also has some of its minor corporations located in some parts of Asia and it is planning to more locations in the coming years through merging with other companies. The company also provides voice and video communication over mobile phones or fixed line, and the ability to send and receive data to individuals, businesses and international telecommunication companies. Et...
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The Desperate Need for Gun Control The United States of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s four-centuries-long battle over gun control still continues today, even after several mass-shootings, countless gun-assisted suicides, and increases in gun related crimes. Guns remain the only consumer product not regulated at the federal level for health and safety. The United States has remained the most lax of the developed nations in terms of gun control. With no regulations or laws, guns have easily landed in the hands of the mentally ill, criminals, and children. There is no need for people to have personal firearms. Guns do not ensure people are safer. The police and military forces are specially trained to protect civilians. Gun control laws of the United States are far to weak, and should be strengthened to protect against murders, mass-shootings, and gun related crimes. The statistics released in studies in the United States of America are reason enough to change the regulation of guns. According to the National Crime Victimization Surv ey in 2011, over four hundred thousand people were victims of gun-related crimes. On average, four Americans are murdered with guns every hour1 (Gun Stats and Facts). The Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.) did a study the same year, and they found sixty-eight percent of murders, forty-one percent of robberies, and twenty-one percent of assaults involved guns. Suicide rates have sky rocketed with the increase in access to guns. In 2011 firearm assisted suicidesShow MoreRelated Liberals LOVE Gun Control Essay1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLiberals Love Gun Control Ã Ã Ã Ã Gun Control can be called the acid test of liberalism. All true liberals must favor stricter gun controls. After all, doesnt the United States have the most heavily armed population on the earth? Are we not the worlds most violent people? Surely these facts must be at least casually connected. Therefore the apparently desperate need to do something about the vast quantity of firearms and firearms abuse is obvious. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Guns are employedRead MoreOn Being a Real Westerner1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesold is desperate to get hold of his stepfather RoyÃ¢â¬â¢s gun. WolffÃ¢â¬â¢s mother doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t approve of him getting the gun, but Roy talks her into giving it to Wolff. Even though Wolff is told not to use the gun alone, he goes against his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s warning and aims at a squirrel. Being an animal lover, he feels guilty. 2. What effect did the gun have on Roy? Is there a hidden meaning to acquiring this object? Roy carried the gun with confidence. He had his own style. He had been carrying a gun since heRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper and The Man Who Was Almost a Man1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWright create two distinct characters, Jane and Dave, who are eventually destroyed by their obsessions. They both reveal the consequences of impulsive and desperate actions of their main characters attempt to free themselves from their proverbial prisons. Through the use of imagery and symbolism, Gilman and Wright present the compelling need in us all to be powerful and unrestrained. To escape from their individual constraints, Jane, the narrator in Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow Wallpaper,Ã¢â¬ and Dave, Ã¢â¬Å"The ManRead MoreGun Control : Argumentative Essay Essay1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages100 3 November, 2014 Gun Control: Argumentative Essay The gun control debate is a good example that justifies the common known mantra that history will always repeat itself. Gun control is a regulation put forward with an aim of managing the purchase and ownership of firearms with the main aim being to reduce the criminal and unsafe use of firearms. The gun control measures involve strategies such as registration of firearms aimed at restricting the ownership of guns by people proved to beRead MoreThe Bombing Of Orlando Nightclub1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdebating whether stricter gun control laws could have prevented this attack on American soil. Could this mass shooting have been prevented with tougher us gun control? Is it easier to obtain a weapon in the United States compared to anywhere else in the world? By creating tougher gun laws with that allow us to keep guns away from bad people? These are all questions Congress facing on a daily basis when it comes to the issue whether or not we should control Americans guns. December 15th, 1791 theRead MoreThe Modern Debate Concerning Gun Control1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconcerning gun control became a popular subject after a number of high profile assassinations that occurred in the 60s. Even more gun violence in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s and 90Ã¢â¬â¢s also brought up more debate, proving the desperate need for stricter gun laws in the United States. In 1999, there was a massacre at Columbine High School. This catastrophic school shooting made congress reconsider passing stronger gun control laws by making them realize how easy it was to get a hold of firearms. One side of the gun controlRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe right to own guns. These are also the words that allow shooting after shooting to take place in our country. The United States is in desperate need of stricter, more uniform gun control laws so that the country may become a safer place. One of the main issues with gun laws in the United States is the lack of uniformity in the restrictions held by the states. Ã¢â¬Å"We looked at five types of gun control enacted at the state level: assault weapons bans, high-capacity magazine bans, gun possession prohibitionsRead MoreThere is No Need for Gun Safety Locks Essay1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgirl, whose father had trained her in the use of firearms, could not access her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s gun when she needed to because it was locked in accordance with CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s state law (Pratt). This preventable tragedy is one of many reported scenarios that scream that there is no need for gun safety locks. The critics respond with the need for gun safety locks, citing examples of children finding unlocked and loaded guns in their homes. These children might subsequently harm themselves or cause harm to othersRead MoreGun Control: Are Guns Really The Problem?1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGun control is a very controversial topic, but banning every gun will not stop all the shootings that occur. Gun control can go in either direction of the debate. There is something that needs to be done to try to reduce as many shootings as possible, whether it is background checks for every gun purchase or required classes after buying a firearm. Banning every weapon, though that is classified as an Ã¢â¬Å"assaultÃ¢â¬ rifle or has a magazine that carries more than ten rounds is not fair to gun lovers whoRead MoreCivil Liberties And The American Dream1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesencouraged gun control due to many mass shootings in the recent years. Many people believe that gun control should be strictly enforced throughout the country. In my opinion, putting restrictions on gun control would be a huge mistake in the world that we live in. In 1976 Washington, D.C. struck a gun law that prohibited citizens from owning a firearm. According to Jeffrey Shapiro, the outcome was horrendous. Annual homicides escalated from 188 to 364 in a short twelve years. According to gun expert
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Have you ever wondered why teachers take a whole month to review everything from the previous year or why students tend to forget everything? Every year, students are keeping their calendars at hand and counting down the days until summer vacation. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the last day of school and when the final bell rings, kids are ready to do nothing for three months. However, is this really a good thing? The possibility of having year-round schools is at hot debate topic right now and it is time for change from traditional calendar schools. Schools should incorporate a system where schooling is year-round instead of having a long summer break because this allows for more learning and would prevent the problem of students forgetting everything theyÃ¢â¬â¢veÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, some people argue that having a system of a year-round school year is not very beneficial. Although there are many studies that support year-round schooling, there are also many studies that donÃ¢â¬ â¢t. Many recent studies have found no significant connection between year-round schooling and improved student achievement. For example, a review of 39 studies found that modified school calendars have very small, insignificant, effect on achievement (Cooper, et al., 2003). Another argument that is made for having a traditional calendar is that despite year-round schooling generating strong feelings, it can also generate negative feelings in that it is disrupt to family life. Having a traditional calendar allows families to spend valuable time together and go on a well needed vacation. The traditional calendar allows students to relax and refresh themselves and get ready for next year. As a student, this issue affects me immensely as I experience the results firsthand. From personal experience, I can say that year-round schooling is much better because after every summer, my peers and I tend to forget most of what weÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned, causing teachers to spend valuable teaching time to review with us. I also believe that during the many days that we have summer vacation; we could learn a lot more. Although many people view summer vacation as a time to spend valuable time with family, fromShow MoreRelatedEssay On Year Round School722 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Year round schooling should be a thing. The time we leave school and go back to school is crazy now we get about a month off and when we leave we forget everything we have learned the past year. Its preposterous and repetitive, why forget everything we learned and struggle to relearn it when we could just stay in school. Most kids are against it because they dont want to lose their summer vacation but when it com es down to it, youd get more time off and more breaks if you had year round schoolingRead More Year Round Schooling Speech Essay examples642 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesYear Round Schooling Speech Have you ever thought about what life would be like having to go to school year round? Well kids today feel that with all the pressure and work they have during the school year, they need the 3 month break time period in order to regroup themselves and have a change of scenery. Year round schooling in the past few years has become a trend that is sweeping the nation, and I am going to tell you why year round schooling IS NOT a way to send the children of AmericaRead MoreWhy Year Round School Is More Harm Than Good978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessummer break. They are so excited for the first day of class that they have to get all new school supplies. They wake up extra early and are ready to learn on that first day. If school was all year round, I believe students would never look forward to school and would affect their learning. Therefore, in my opinion, I do not believe school should be year round. Why Year Round School Is More Harm Than Good Year round schooling is a topic that is emerging widely throughout the United States in thisRead MoreGraduation Speech : Year Round Schooling1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesYear-Round Schooling Why were schools traditionally set up to give students the summer off? When schools started, most of the students came from a farming family and they needed to be out of school to help on the farm. Many people know that there are not as many students coming from farming families today, so why do most schools still operate on this schedule? While some parents believe that year-round schooling decreases family time and causes student burn out, in reality, frequent breaks providedRead MoreThe Traditional School Calendar and The Introduction of a Year-Round Education1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesremember, schooling has been based on a ten-month calendar. Although it was established for an agricultural society it is still extremely common in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s urban society. The introduction of year-round education, though it clearly makes more sense for todays students, is still a relatively new concept and therefore is subject to a lot of speculation. With benefits such as, remediation, better chances for high-risk and ESL students, economic benefits, and more structure/stability it is a mystery why someRead MoreThe Length Of School Calendar1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshow developed we are considered to be. Several solutions have been proposed: get rid of standardized tests all together, fire all teachers who students test low, or implement a different school calendar. Clearly action needs to be taken to solve this issue. Unless the government can pick one way to go about fixing this; nothing will change. After doing some intense research, year-round school would be the simplest and most beneficial solution to the problem. Year round education should be mandatoryRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Year Round Schooling1067 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesProfessor Kluttz English 3 28 July 2017 The Advantages of the Year-Round Schooling Calendar The discussion of the year-round schooling calendar versus the traditional schooling calendar has been ongoing for some time. There have been many discussions and debates about the advantages and disadvantages of both. The amount of school districts across the United States that have switched to year-round calendars has increased drastically. The year-round calendar provides students with more frequent breaks ofRead MoreYear Round Schooling Is Better Than Traditional Schooling1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Year Round Schools Versus Traditional Schools By: Shaun Herman Shaun Herman 4/11/2016 Task 2 Year round schooling is better than traditional schooling because, the summer retention is much higher, special education and english language learners benefit much more, end of the year test scores are higher and the year round school calendar fits our culture more now than it used to with the traditional school year. As an education major with a focus in special educationRead MoreYear Round School Essay1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesYear-round Schools The possibility of year round schools has been a hot debate topic for quite some time. The question is, is the idea of year round schools acceptable considering all the potential drawbacks? Year round schooling can be disruptive to both the family of the students and the teachers themselves, it can be too costly for a large group of people, and year round schools do not provide the same opportunity for learning as the traditional school year does. For several reasons, theRead MoreEssay about Year Round School1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Year-round Schools nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The possibility of year round schools has been a hot debate topic for quite some time. The question is, is the idea of year round schools acceptable considering all the potential drawbacks? Year round schooling can be disruptive to both the family of the students and the teachers themselves, it can be too costly for a large group of people, and year round schools do not provide the same opportunity for learning as the traditional school year does
Explains the effects ecological footprints have on sustaining our country and the planet Earth. This paper discusses how ecological footprints, effective ecological tools used to help maintain our world, impose many questions in sustaining the earths life. Charts are included with the paper. Defining Our Ecological Footprint Dependency on Nature Carrying Capacity of Cities and Earth Comparison between Countries Natural Capita: Effects on the Earth Impact of the World Economies Solutions The world economy has a great impact on the ecological footprints of the world. Every country wants to obtain economic growth to produce more money. But in doing this, they have to deplete their natural capital, which in turn, is not helping in sustaining this world. As William Rees states, there is simply not enough on the planet to sustain present international development trends using prevailing technologies (Westra and Werhane ed. 1998, 115). So something drastic has to be done. As the ecological footprints of humans are already too large for the earth to handle, how can we accommodate the rising materials and rising in population, while trying to sustain the earth. We will write a custom essay sample on Ecological Footprints: Sustaining Our Earth or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Most analysts agree that it can happen in two ways: through a reduction in the standard of living or through the increase in material and energy efficiency (Westra and Werhane ed. 1998, 115). These two issues also apply problems, through cultural, economic, and social values. Especially in the more developed countries. To lower the standard of living would be outright rejected in the more developed countries such as Canada and the U. S. So indeed, most people agree that global sustainability is achievable only through large increases in the consumption of goods and services in both poorer and richer countries (Westra and Werhane ed. 1998, 115). But still a problem arises. There will still be inequity in the growth of the more and less developed countries. It seems the richer get richer and the poorer get poorer. A consensus seems to be emerging though. They say that the needed consumption will work if there is a reduction in the material energy costs of goods and services.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Shakespeare's Comedy Vs. Tragedy Certain parallels can be drawn between William Shakespeare's plays, A Midsummer Night's Dream, and Romeo and Juliet. These parallels concern themes and prototypical Shakespearian character types. Both plays have a distinct pair of 'lovers', Hermia and Lysander, and Romeo and Juliet, respectively. Both plays could have also easily been tragedy or comedy with a few simple changes. A tragic play is a play in which one or more characters have a moral flaw that lead to his/her downfall. A comedic play has at least one humorous character, and a successful or happy ending. Comparing these two plays is useful to find how Shakespeare uses similar character types in a variety of plays, and the versatility of the themes which he uses. In Romeo and Juliet, Juliet is young, not yet fourteen, and she is beautiful, and Romeo's reaction after he sees her is: O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night As a rich jewel in an Ethiop's ear Beauty to rich for use, for the earth too dear! Juliet is also prudent, Although I joy in thee, I have no joy in this contract tonight. It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden. She feels that because they have just met, they should abstain from sexual intercourse. Hermia is also young, and prudent. When Lysander suggests that One turf shall serve as a pillow for both of us, One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and one troth, Hermia replies Nay, good Lysander. For my sake, my dear, Lie further off yet; do not lie so near. Although this couple has known each other for a while (Romeo and Juliet knew each other for one night when the above quote was spoken), Hermia also abstains from even sleeping near Lysander even though she believes he does not have impure intentions. Romeo's and Juliet's families are feuding. Because of these feuds, their own parents will not allow the lovers to see each other. In the a differnet way Hermia is not allowed to marry Lysander. Hermia's father Egeus says to Theseus, Duke of Athens: Full of vexation come I, with complaint Against my child, my daughter Hermia. Stand fourth, Demetrius. My noble lord, This man hath my consent to marry her. Stand forth, Lysander. And, my gracious Duke, This man hath bewitched the bosom of my child. Egeus tells the Duke that his daughter can marry Demetrius, not Lysander. Hermia replies . . . If I refuse to wed Demetrius, Egeus replies Either to die the death, or to abjure for ever the society of men. If Hermia does go against her father's wishes, and weds Lysander, she will either be put to death, or be forced to become a nun. Both pairs of lovers also seek help from another. Juliet and Romeo seek Friar Lawrence, and Lysander and Hermia seek Lysander's aunt, who lives in the woods near Athens. Both sets of youths have the same character type. They are young, their love is prohibited, both women are prudent, and both seek the help of an adult. Yet they have their subtle differences. For example, Lysander, never mentioned a love before Hermia. Romeo loved Rosaline, before he loved Juliet. Hermia's family and Lysander's family were not feuding, whereas the Montagues' and Capulets' feude was central to the plot of the play. The stories of Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Night's Dream are very different however. A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy. Oberon, king of the fairies, sends a mischievous imp named, Puck, to play a trick on the queen of the fairies, Titania, and on a pair of Athenian youth. Puck turns Nick Bottom's head into that of an ass (Nick Bottom is the man in the play production within A Midsummer Night's Dream; he tried to play every part), and places an herb on Titania that causes her to fall in love with him. This is quite humorous. However, at the end of the play all the couples are back together, with the ones they love. Thus Lysander and Hermia do get married. If Egeus had showed up at the wedding, he could have killed her.
Monday, March 16, 2020
The Powerful Praetor Roman Magistrate A praetor was one of the greater Roman magistrates with imperium or legal power. They led armies, presided in law courts, and administered the law. Judging matters between citizens was the job of one specific magistrate, the praetor urbanus (city praetor). Since he was in charge of the city, he was only allowed to leave the city for a period of up to 10 days. For matters outside Rome, the praetor peregrinus settled cases among foreigners. Over the years, they added additional praetors to handle matters in the provinces, but originally, there were two praetors. Two more were added in 227 B.C. when Rome annexed Sicily and Sardinia; then, two more were added for Hispania (Spain) in 197 B.C. Later, Sulla and Julius Caesar added even more praetors. Responsibilities A costly responsibility for the praetor was the production of the public games. Running for praetor was part of the cursus honorum. The rank of praetor was second only to the position of consul. Like the consuls, praetors were entitled to sit on the honored sella curulis, the folding curule chair, traditionally made of ivory. Like the other magistracies, a praetor was a member of the senate. Just as there were proconsuls for the period after their year as consuls, so there were also propraetors. Propraetors and proconsuls served as governors of provinces after their terms in office. Roman Magistrates With Imperium Examples: Let the praetor be judge of the law in private actions, with power of passing sentence-he is the proper guardian of civil jurisprudence. Let him have as many colleagues, of equal power, as the senate think necessary, and the commons allow him.Let two magistrates be invested with sovereign authority, and be entitled praetors, judges, or consuls, in respect of presiding, judging, or counselling, according to the nature of the case. Let them have absolute authority over the army, for the safety of the people is the supreme law. This magistracy should not be determined in less than ten years-regulating the duration by the annual law.Cicero De Leg.III Before Sulla added functions, the praetor presided in cases of quaestiones perpetuae, the cases of: repetundaeambitus, majestaspeculatus Sulla added falsum, de sicariis et veneficis, and de parricidis. About half of the candidates for praetor during the last generation of the Republic came from consular families, according to Erich S. Gruen, in The Last Generation of the Roman Republic. The praetor Urbanus P. Licinius Varus fixed the date of the Ludi Apollinaris.
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Should Stonecipher have been forced to resign - Essay Example Stonecipher himself told employees that any senior executive found violating the rules would be punished. Seemingly, the system works. Only his removal from the post would satisfy the principles he himself had created, as Stonecipher admitted in an interview, 'We set - hell, I set - a higher standard here. I violated my own standards. I used poor judgment.' (---------, 2005) It's a bizarre story under the circumstances. Was Boeing's CEO really ready to live up to the standards he was setting for his organization According to reports, the exact details of where his behavior violated the code of conduct are not publicly known. But as the architect of the initiative, he was as susceptible as anyone to its repercussions. Meanwhile, the PR industry has been under attack for allegedly unethical or ambiguous practices, particularly relating to a significant client base of its own - the US government, as well as local governments. If Boeing was trying to send a clear signal about ethics when it ousted CEO Harry Stonecipher, it failed. Though Boeing insists he wasn't axed for adultery, a lot of think the company was out to pin the scarlet letter on Harry before shipping him off to face his wife of 50 years. "It is all very clear and very simple," wrote Tom Simmerman, a Boeing worker in Fullerton, Calif. "How can a CEO ask his employees to show loyalty to the cause when he is unable to demonstrate loyalty to his own wife and family" (Litterick, 2005) Dozens of readers agreed -- with some detouring to question about his marriage and accuse him of "moral relativism." But is it so outrageous to suggest that the rules of Harry Stonecipher's marriage are between Mr. and Mrs. Stonecipher, and no concern of The Boeing Co Stonecipher had come out of retirement at the end of 2003 to replace Phil Condit when he resigned as chairman and chief executive. That was the first time Boeing's leader had not come from within the Boeing heritage part of the company. (Wallace, Pd. 1) On top of all this, the investigation determined the relationship was consensual and had no effect on the company's business. The investigation also determined that neither the career nor the compensation of the female executive was influenced by the relationship. I don't believe Stonecipher should have been forced to resign. A voluntarily handed over resignation is still understandable, but the breach of policy applies to all and applies equally. If lower staff can be given a second chance then the CEO can certainly be given another chance as well. Works Cited Wallace, James. BOEING: LOOKING FOR A REAL OUTSIDER (Business).Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Seattle, WA)(May 25, 2005):pD1. Litterick, David. Watch for the puff of white smoke from the Boeing boardroom.(City).Daily Telegraph (London, England)(April 16, 2005):pNA.FromCustom Newspapers ----------------. Boeing's big year.The Seattle Times (Seattle, Washington) (via Knight-Ridder/Tribune Business News)(Dec 30,